Rhodes Declaration 2005
Participants of the Forum have stated by common consent that the goal for which the World Public Forum was created that had been proclaimed in the 2003 Declaration of Rhodes has become even more relevant than ever before. New representatives of different civilizations, countries and nations join the Forum for the implementation of this goal. This year representatives of Europe, Asia, North and Latin America, the Middle East, Africa and Australia have taken part in the work of the Forum.
Today one can contend that the World Public Forum “Dialogue of civilizations” is acquiring the features of a network community working all over the world on the basis of different models of civilizations.
It should be noted that not only the scope of the Forum participants has increased; the range of the discussed themes has also expanded. We now pass from the in-depth study of the most burning problems of the dialogue of civilizations to systemic work and concrete steps.
The third session of the Forum was focused on the problem of integration and self-determination civilizations at the brink of the 21st century. Participants of the discussions noted that modern integration has encompassed all spheres of contemporary public life: economy, politics, education, culture, science and even the newest technologies. It is the basic element of globalization, which on the one hand, brings nations closer to each other, establishes new connections between people from all the continents that had been unthinkable only a decade or two decades ago, an on the other hand, it leads to further cleavages, it increases the gap between the poor and the rich nations. Hence, there is a need of find ways and mechanisms to change the currently domineering globalization model. It may be substituted by a model that would allow to harness the benefits and fruit of globalization for the benefit of all nations and civilizations.
The participants have expressed concern over the state of affairs in the areas of tension and international conflicts: they insist on the need for a persistent search for a stable and lasting peaceful resolution.
It was emphasized during the work of a special section on stability and security in the Middle East, the Balkans and Central Asia that there is a need for constant monitoring of the processes that play the crucial role for the future of these regions. It was stated that the encounter and interaction of civilizations in these regions of the world already had evolved in a contradictory way. The processes of development in these regions have not been logically implemented and are in the state of flux; therefore, they will be subjected to external and internal pressures in the foreseeable future.
Discussions of the role of religion in the contemporary world have stated that religions more actively influence the public processes, surpassing the domain of private live. The task of the Forum is seen as creating conditions for believers to freely construct their own lives – both private and public in harmony with each other and with the secular part of society. The positive impact of religious communities, their dialogue and cooperation with each other, with the state and society should be freely evolving in the sphere of education, human rights protection, mass media as well as in the other public processes.
A central role in the development of the dialogue of civilizations is played by culture and arts. Multiplicity of cultures represents not only the realities of the contemporary world a value of itself; it has an intrinsic impact on the development of inter-civilizational integration. It may be regarded as its key element. The inter-cultural dialogue based on the principles of national cultural identity preservation is the most efficient and humane way of inter-civilizational understanding and interaction.
Special emphasis in the Forum was paid to the inclusion of the representatives of young people in the process of dialogue of civilizations. Forum participants favor the need to create conditions and possibilities for the young people from all countries to become the most active participants in the construction of a more just and harmonious world. The younger generation has the right to being heard by the world community.
Participants of the third session unanimously state that harmonization of inter-civilizational relations, the development of a functioning network community, in order to create a world order based on dialogue, are necessary.