Which media outlets are trustworthy, what kind of fake news does exist, and how are society and politics manipulated? Fake news is not a passing fad. Disinformation and misinformation are very old political tools. But today they are spreading at an alarming rate and possess an extensively global reach. Sources can be difficult to trace and events hard to verify. Numerous parties have an interest in promoting their own version of events.
Reports of a gas attack on 7 April in Douma, near Damascus in Syria, continue to dominate the international agenda, with global powers locked in disagreement over exactly what transpired. Images and witness accounts point to casualties. Why is there such a macabre focus on the exact mechanism by which those people lost their lives? The fundamental cause is clear: The war that has been raging for over seven years has been accompanied by a parallel war, one over values and truth. But while the former has a direct impact on the course of history, the latter has the power to rewrite it.
The chairman of the supervisory board of the Dialogue of Civilizations Research Institute Dr. Vladimir Yakunin provides his insight as to how the mechanism of fake news works, and what it means today for politics and society: The importance of being honest: Values delusion or how fake news creates fake history.