There are both supporters and opponents to processes of rapprochement between countries and peoples. Hence, the success of integration in many ways depends on the given society’s ability to adequately perceive the challenges posed by the opponents and the skills required to counter those challenges. In the current multi-polar epoch, the challenges to integration processes are complex in content and have become important elements of hybrid confrontation. Therefore, there appears to be an urgent need to study integration processes in the context of hybrid challenges.
This study attempts to briefly present the trends of integration and disintegration processes in the Eurasian continent in three interrelated areas: military-political, economic, and humanitarian-informational. Such a multidisciplinary approach allows us to assess the integration developments in a more comprehensive and wide manner. It has to be noted that the humanitarian-informational factor does not always receive due attention from scholars and, therefore, this study reviews in somewhat more detail the methods and tools of information warfare, which often are a key element in hybrid operations aimed at the destruction of integration associations.
At the same time, although there are many valuable studies of hybrid wars, many aspects of this complex phenomenon still contain uncertainties that make it difficult to objectively assess their impact on the integration processes. Thus, this study attempts to make sense of the concepts of ‘peace’ and ‘war’ in hybrid realities in the context of permanent hybrid confrontations.
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