Dr Andrey Grachev is a Russian historian, political analyst, and journalist. Born in 1941 in Moscow, he graduated in Oriental Studies and the History of International Relations from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) in 1964 and completed his PhD in History with the Academy of Social Sciences in Moscow in 1976.Dr Grachev served as a consultant and deputy director in the International Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union between 1974 and 1987 and also as an adviser to President Mikhail Gorbachev. He was the official spokesperson for the president of the USSR until his resignation in December 1991.From 1992 to 1995, Dr Grachev was a senior research fellow at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences. He has been a visiting research and teaching professor at the Ritsumeikan University in Kyoto, Japan; Université Paris VIII, St Denis; Université Paris I, Pantheon-Sorbonne; and the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris. He has been a research fellow at the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Germany; and a senior researcher at St Antony’s College, Oxford.He has authored books in Russian, French, and English, the latest of which is Un nouvel avant-guerre? Des hyperpuissances à l’hyperpoker (Paris: Alma Editeur, 2017).