Dr David Hoile is an academic and researcher specialising in international affairs and Africa. Dr Hoile is the Director of the Africa Research Centre. He is a member of several international studies associations.His professional and academic interests include United States and European Union foreign policy, information warfare, strategic communications and civil society and advocacy groups. He has a particular interest in the new trend towards “lawfare”, the abuse of international law and legal institutions for political ends, and is the author of Justice Denied: The Reality of the International Criminal Court (2014). His other books include Darfur: The Road to Peace (2008), Darfur in Perspective (2005), Images of Sudan: Case Studies in Propaganda and Misinformation (2003) and editor of The Search for Peace in the Sudan: A Chronology of the Sudanese Peace Process 1989-2001 (2002). He is the author or editor of a number of other publications on African affairs, including Mozambique: A Nation in Crisis (1989) and Mozambique, Resistance and Freedom: A Case for Reassessment (1994). He has commented on current affairs on BBC News 24, BBC TV News, France 24, Al-Jazeera, Deutsche Welle, Press TV, Al-Arabiya, and the South African Broadcasting Corporation. He has also regularly appeared on radio, ranging from the BBC World Service, BBC Network Africa, BBC Focus on Africa, Voice of America and Radio France Internationale.