Richard Sakwa is Professor of Russian and European Politics at the University of Kent at Canterbury, an Associate Fellow of the Russia and Eurasia Programme at Chatham House, a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences (FAcSS), a Senior Research Fellow at the National Research University-Higher School of Economics in Moscow, and an Honorary Professor in the Department of Political Science at Moscow State University. After graduating in History from the London School of Economics, he took a PhD from the Centre for Russian and East European Studies at the University of Birmingham. He held lectureships at the Universities of Essex and California, Santa Cruz, before joining the University of Kent in 1987. Professor Sakwa has published widely on Soviet, Russian and post-communist affairs. Books include Communism in Russia: An Interpretative Essay, published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2010 (with a Russian version published by Rosspen in 2011), The Crisis of Russian Democracy: The Dual State, Factionalism and the Medvedev Succession (Cambridge University Press, 2011) and Putin and the Oligarch: The Khodorkovsky - Yukos Affair (London and New York, I. B. Tauris, 2014). Recent books include Putin Redux: Power and Contradiction in Contemporary Russia (London and New York, Routledge, 2014) and Frontline Ukraine: Crisis in the Borderlands (London, I. B. Tauris, 2016). His latest books are Russia against the Rest: The Post-Cold War Crisis of World Order (Cambridge University Press, 2017) and Russia’s Futures (Cambridge, Polity, 2019). His book The Putin Paradox was published by I. B. Tauris (Bloomsbury) in early 2020. He is currently working on the book Deception: Russiagate and the New Cold War.