Migration in Europe and Eurasia: Migration is inevitable and will continue to develop


How many immigrants should a country accept? This was one of the first questions posed to the speakers at the migration conference held at the DOC Research Institute Berlin Office on 14 December.
The Migration in Europe and Eurasia conference addressed issues relating to migration in Europe, and more broadly, Eurasia. The conference was led by Alexey Malashenko, chief researcher at the DOC Research Institute.
The event highlighted the tendency of migrants to assimilate and, on the contrary, their desire for ethno-religious consolidation as well as radicalisation.
The speakers exchanged positive and negative stories of migration.
Brunson McKinley, the former director general at the International Organization for Migration, made it clear that migrant resettlement quotas should be fair to both immigrants and their desired host countries. Detailed migration management analyses can help determine that, he said.
Nikita Konopaltsev, senior researcher at the DOC Research Institute said: “International migration has a major impact on societies and that impact has become the focal point of inter-civilisational interactions for all nations and cultures across the world. The most pressing issue for European governments and non-governmental organizations and public institutions dealing with migration processes is the issue of constant refugee flows from war-torn regions and political and socio-economic divided regions .”
Dr. Muzaffar Olimov, director of the SHARQ (ORIENS) Research Center, and a senior scientist at the Tajik Academy of Sciences Institute of Language, Literature, and Oriental Studies noted that there are different approaches and desires concerning migration status, namely “being legal” or “illegal”. When it comes to migrants from Tajikistan to Russia, they have higher chances of getting a job while being illegal and for this reason, Tajiks prefers to stay illegal.
At the same time Vladimir Korovkin the head of research in Growth and Innovations with SKOLKOVO IEMS highlighted the need of legal migrants to Russia: “To drive the 4-5% growth of GDP per year in Russia, it needs at least 1.5 – 2% growth in the labor force.”
For Dr. Bulent Senay, a professor of history at Uludag University, in Bursa, Turkey, it was important to highlight the demonization of Muslims: “The fear of migrants mostly implies fear of Muslims,” he said. Senay pleaded for higher Muslim self-confidence in Western communities.
In response, Dr. Musa Basnukaev, head of the Department of Taxes and Taxation at Chechnya’s Chechen State University said that religion sometimes is used to get asylum in Europe, especially in Germany. Chechen migrants hold Russian citizenship and use their religion as a tool for being chased out of Russia, he claimed.
Dr. Arne C. Seifert, of the University of Hamburg, pointed out that host countries need to have very clear of expectations regarding the integration of migrants.
All of the speakers agreed that immigration is inevitable and will continue to grow. The main strategic task for European governments and society, including Russia, is to respond appropriately and effectively, avoiding any extremes.

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