Publications

Articles

Cyprus peace_

Ending the Never-Ending Story: Will Current Peace Efforts be the Final Chapter in the Cyprus Conflict?

Maya Janik

In this article I address the question of why achieving a peace settlement for Cyprus has proven so difficult since the partition of the island in 1974, and I explore prospects for ending Europe’s longest frozen conflict in the near future. Contrary to the common perspective that a window of opportunity has recently been opened by moderate Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot leaders, I argue that their recent actions may not be sufficient to reunite the island. Enthusiasm is likely to be tempered by political reality and the complex dynamics affecting the conflict. Furthermore, reunification could inadvertently open a Pandora’s box. In order to avoid adverse consequences, the question of what happens if a peace settlement breaks down needs to be addressed at the current stage of negotiations.

Fred Harrison_DOC

The need for an Integrated Approach to Social Reform

Maya Janik

Before his afternoon lecture on 26 January 2017 at the Dialogue of Civilizations Research Institute (DOC), Fred Harrison, Research Director of the London-based Land Research Trust, held an internal seminar – the first of an ongoing series – with the DOC research team on ‘The need for an Integrated Approach to Social Reform’, in which he shared his ideas on the concept of land rents and social reform. Harrison, who predicted the economic crises of 1992 and 2005, explained that his interest in this topic began while working as a newspaper journalist, when he attended an economics evening class given by a landlord.

Reports

From Domination to Dialogue

The Quest for Change: From Domination to Dialogue

Edward Demenchonok

Abstract: This paper explores the distinction between domination and dialogue. It analyses dialogical philosophy, mainly in the works of Mikhail Bakhtin and some other contemporary authors, grounding the universal character of dialogue as constitutive of human personality itself. Dialogism is a fundamental characteristic of language. In its normative role, dialogism can serve as the standard for the evaluation and critique of existing relationships within a socially and culturally diverse world. It can also serve as a regulative principle in the ennoblement of human relationships. This paper highlights intercultural philosophy and its grounding of the ideas of cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue. It analyses the manifestations of cultural diversity in Latin American, African and the African-American philosophies. These philosophies show the tendency to evolve from ethnocentrism to more openness and finally to inter-philosophical global dialogue. Dialogism is opposed to historical-cultural conditions that hinder it. In analyzing the historical contradiction between domination and dialogue, this paper points out its causes, such as calculative ‘instrumental reason’, colonial exclusion of the other, and the asymmetries of power. The current hegemonic US policy aiming for global domination is at odds with the dialogical and collaborative relationships of sovereign nations as equals. The paper argues for the implementation of dialogical relationships within society and in the international arena as well as for the collaboration of peoples, which is necessary to find a solution to social and global problems. The concept of the dialogue of civilisations—asserting a plurality of civilisations—orients us toward the study of intra-civilisational and inter-civilisational relationships, with the aim of fostering dialogue. The enhancement of dialogical relationships is both a condition and an indispensable means of progression toward a more humane, peaceful and just world order.

Expert comments

Diversity-Ethnicity-2

Collective Rights as a Potential Source for Peace, Harmony, and Well-Being in the Global Community

Scherto Gill

This Expert Comment explores how collective rights, peace, harmony, and global well-being require international political commitments to create the necessary conditions to humanise social structures and institutions and enable relational processes to flourish. Scherto Gill reconceptualises collective rights through five social constructionist lenses. Her analysis enables us to develop an innovative conceptual framework where collective rights could be regarded as a source for peace, harmony, and well-being, and could unite global communities in solidarity to pursue a better future for humankind and the planet. As examples, Gill narrates the experiences of five communities and organisations to illustrate that how we understand the nature of collective rights can have a pivotal impact on governments, institutions, and a culture of peace and harmony across the globe.

tap water with rupee banknotes 3d illustration

Surreal Economics and the Language of Mind Control

Fred Harrison

How is the financial crisis of 2008 linked to the election results of 2016?  How can economic reform address this systemic malaise?  How can people be empowered to determine their own futures?  Fred Harrison’s paper addresses issues of land and property cycles, capital formation, land rents, and VAT, as well as migration and the rise of Donald Trump. Harrison argues that two new statistics are needed to enhance the accountability of policy-makers and provide transparency in the administration of the public’s finances. The  course of the current contest over the control of power, says Harrison, will depend on access to this information.

Education School Teacher Student Digital Tablet Technology Conce

The Roles and Responsibilities of Educational Institutions and Strategies for Intercultural Citizenship Education in a Globalising World

Léonce Bekemans

In our globalised and globalising world, we are searching for sustainable conviviality in confusing times. Education and the role of educational institutions are  crucial in facing the challenges of new intercultural realities. In this Expert Comment, Léonce Bekemans introduces his proposal for a human-centric approach to education and explores the role of education in facing the challenges and oportunities of these intercultural realities. Bekemans explains the objectives and competences of education for integral human development; introduces the concept, objectives, trajectories, and practices of responsible citizenship education; and addresses the need for intercultural citizenship education in globalising societies with regard to the objectives, competences, and strategies of educational institutions. The paper concludes with six policy suggestions to promote true intercultural citizenship education.