From Washington, D.C. to New-Delhi : Dominique de Villepin was born in Morocco in 1953 and grew up abroad, especially in Venezuela and the USA, before moving to France in 1968. He is a graduate from l’Institut d’Etude Politique (Sciences-Po) de Paris and l’École Nationale d’Administration, He also holds a B.A. in Law and Literature. Dominique de Villepin began his career as a diplomat and served in Paris, in Washington, D.C. from 1984 to 1989 and in New Delhi as Embassy counsellor from 1989 to 1992. He then became head advisor for African Affairs at the Foreign Ministry.
Ministerial Life: from Foreign Relations to Head of Government
In 1993, Dominique de Villepin was appointed Head of the Office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Alain Juppé, before being called upon by President Jacques Chirac to become his Chief of Staff from 1995 to 2002 at the Élysée. In 2002, Dominique de Villepin was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 2003, he managed the Iraqi crisis on behalf of France and upheld the French position against war at the United Nations. In 2004, he became Minister of the Interior and then served as Prime minister from 2005 to 2007. During this period of two years, he committed himself to boosting employment and reforming the market labor, to reducing deficits and public debts, as well as to stimulating growth and innovative policies through the creation of competitive clusters in every parts of France.
Dominique de Villepin is fond of literature and history. He is also known as a writer of essays dealing with Napoleon I (Les Cent-Jours ou l’esprit de sacrifice, 2001, La chute ou l’Empire de la solitude, 2008), diplomacy, Europe and international relations (Le Requin et la mouette, 2004), but also essays focusing on poets (Eloge des voleurs de feu, 2003) and painters, in particular on the French-Chinese artist Zao Wou-Ki. He also wrote poetry books. His last book Mémoire de paix pour temps de guerre, on peace building and international challenges was published in 2016.