Ukrainian army helicopter during a combat mission in in the Donetsk region (Credit: palinchak/Bigstock)
Ukrainian army helicopter during a combat mission in in the Donetsk region (Credit: palinchak/Bigstock) (via:

On the one side the institutions that had maintained the Soviet bloc were dismantled, whereas on the other side the Atlantic security system was maintained and in the end enlarged to encompass much of the territory of its former adversary. The European post-Cold War order assumed monist forms. Instead of the geopolitical and ideological diversity sought by Mikhail Gorbachev as he brought the Cold War to an end in the late 1980s, a type of monist cold peace was imposed in which Atlantic security institutions and ideas were consolidated.

The monism was both institutional and ideational, and the two reinforced each other in a hermetic order that sought to insulate itself from critique and transformation. Russia was excluded as anything but subaltern. The post-Cold War European peace order was thus built on weak foundations, provoking a cycle of mimetic rivalry. In Russia the fateful dialectic of external challenge and domestic stultification once again operated, heightening the Kremlin’s threat perceptions. Russia’s relations with the European Union (EU) and Washington veered between the cooperative and the confrontational, until settling into a conflictual mode in 2014.

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Vorheriger ArtikelYears of negotiations are better than war
Nächster ArtikelEconomic and social development of the Middle East and North Africa: Success or failure?
Richard Sakwa

Professor für Russische und Europäische Politik, University of Kent, UK, GB

Richard Sakwa ist Professor für russische und europäische Politik an der University of Kent in Canterbury sowie Associate Fellow im Russland- und Eurasienprogramm des Royal Institute of International Affairs, Chatham House. Nach dem Geschichtsstudium an der London School of Economics (LSE) promovierte er am Centre for Russian and East European Studies der University of Birmingham. Er lehrte zunächst an der University of Essex und der University of California, Santa Cruz. 1987 begann er seine Laufbahn an der University of Kent.Veröffentlichungen (Auswahl): - "Communism in Russia: An Interpretative Essay", Palgrave Macmillan 2010 (russisch 2011 bei Rosspen), - "The Crisis of Russian Democracy: The Dual State, Factionalism and the Medvedev Succession", Cambridge University Press 2011) - "Putin and the Oligarch: The Khodorkovsky - Yukos Affair", I. B. Tauris, London und New York 2014), - "Putin Redux: Power and Contradiction in Contemporary Russia, Routledge, London und New York 2014), - "Frontline Ukraine: Crisis in the Borderlands“, I. B. Tauris 2016.