The Middle East remains a rich territory at the crossroad of diverse cultures, languages, religions and peoples. At the heart of this region, the Persian Gulf is a hotbed of millennial tensions where the various regional and international players overlap. This narrow stretch of sea concentrates the bulk of world oil export as well as LNG Gas: linking Europe, China, Japan and the United States to their main hydrocarbon sources.
The waters of the Strait are shallow, they are imprisoned between three islands controlled by Iran since 1971. Eighteen million barrels of natural oil were transited per day through the Strait of Hormuz in the first quarter of 2018.
A number of oil-dependent countries depend on the Persian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz for exporting their production of which they often depend for a large part of their national economy. The example of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia illustrates it. Riyadh can only export a minor part of its production through its coasts on the Red Sea.
In this energy, geo-economical and geopolitical context, inter and intra-religious historical antagonisms have been added to interstate tensions. Iran is seeking to assert itself and gain influence with its neighbours under US sanctions where Arabia is trying to limit this regional progress. The acts of sabotage oil tankers, flown by drone since the beginning of May 2019 symbolize this rise in tension. On May 4, 2019 for example, an Iranian oil tanker was intercepted in Gibraltar.
The CEPS and the DOC have joined forces to organize a conference to explain current tensions and various issues. This conference is open to the public. The event will take place on Monday, July 8, 2019 from 4.30 pm to 7.30 pm at the French Senate House in the Palais du Luxembourg (salle Médicis).
- Ardavan AMIR-ASLANI, Lawyer, Essayist – CABINET COHEN AMIR-ASLANI
- Jean-Christophe BAS , CEO and Executive Board Chairman at the Dialogue of Civilizations Research Institute (DOC)
- Louis BLIN, Chargé de mission Arab and Muslim World – Center for Analysis, Forecasting and Strategy – MINISTRY OF EUROPE AND AFFAIRS
- Jean-Marie BOCKEL , Senator, President – Gulf Countries Friendship Group – SENATE
- Sébastien BOUSSOIS, Researcher – UNIVERSITE LIBRE DE BRUXELLES (ULB) / UQAM MONTREAL
- Mohammed CHERKAOUI * , Principal Investigator – AL JAZEERA
- Thierry COVILLE , Professor – NOVANCIA
- Fatiha DAZI-HENI , Researcher – INSTITUTE FOR STRATEGIC RESEARCH OF THE MILITARY SCHOOL (IRSEM) & IEP LILLE
- Emmanuel DUPUY, President – PROSPECTIVE INSTITUTE & SECURITY IN EUROPE
Patrice FONLLADOSA , President (Re) sources / President Africa Committee – Medef Int / Vice President of the Board of Directors France Saudi Arabia / President of the Africa Division – CEPS
- Joëlle GARRIAUD-MAYLAM , Senator; Member of the France-Gulf Countries Friendship Group – SENAT
- Patricia LALONDE , MEP – EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT
- Frank MELLOUL , CEO – i24NEWS
- Emmanuel MONTANIE , General Manager – Foreign Trade Advisers of France – CCEF
- David RIGOULET-ROZE , Research Associate – PROSPECTIVE INSTITUTE & SECURITY IN EUROPE
- Ahssan RUDA, President – SOPIC
- Morgane SCHUMMANN, Project Manager Middle East Countries – Maghreb – Foreign Trade Advisers of France – CCEF
- Loïc TRIBOT LA SPIERE , General Delegate – CEPS
( This is an invitation-only event.)