Richard Sakwa is Professor of Russian and European Politics at the University of Kent at Canterbury and an Associate Fellow at Chatham House. After graduating in History from the London School of Economics, he took a PhD from the University of Birmingham. He held lectureships at the Universities of Essex and California, Santa Cruz, before joining the University of Kent in 1987. He has published widely on Soviet, Russian and post-communist affairs. Books include Communism in Russia: An Interpretative Essay (2010, the Russian version was published by Rosspen in 2011), The Crisis of Russian Democracy: The Dual State, Factionalism and the Medvedev Succession (Cambridge University Press, 2011), Putin and the Oligarch: The Khodorkovsky – Yukos Affair (London and New York, I. B. Tauris, 2014) and Putin Redux: Power and Contradiction in Contemporary Russia (London and New York, Routledge, 2014). An extended paperback version of his Frontline Ukraine: Crisis in the Borderlands was published by I. B. Tauris in 2016. His book Russia against the Rest: The Post-Cold Crisis of World Order is due to be published by Cambridge University Press in late 2017.